Mount Elgon National Park is a protected area located on the border between Uganda and Kenya. It was established in 1992 and covers an area of approximately 1,279 square kilometers. The park is named after Mount Elgon, an extinct shield volcano that is the fourth-highest peak in Eastern Africa, with an elevation of 4,321 meters above sea level.

The park is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including elephants, buffaloes, leopards, hyenas, and over 300 species of birds. It also contains several unique ecosystems, including montane forest, bamboo forest, and moorland.

Mount Elgon National Park is known for its excellent hiking and trekking opportunities. There are several trails that lead to the summit of Mount Elgon, including the Sasa Trail, the Piswa Trail, and the Sipi Trail. The Sipi trail is particularly popular, as it passes through several picturesque waterfalls and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscapes.

In addition to hiking and trekking, the park also offers other activities such as bird watching, camping, and rock climbing. The nearby town of Mbale is also a popular destination for tourists, as it offers a wide variety of cultural and historical attractions, including traditional dance performances, coffee plantations, and ancient rock paintings.

Mount Elgon National Park

Top Activities to Do/see In Mount Elgon National Park

Hiking and Trekking

If you’re an adventure seeker, hiking and trekking at Mount Elgon National Park should definitely be on your bucket list. The park has several trails that cater to different skill levels and take hikers through diverse and stunning ecosystems. The Sasa Trail, Piswa Trail, and Sipi Trail are the most popular trails, all leading to the summit of Mount Elgon. Along the way, hikers can enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes and encounter unique wildlife.

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced hiker, Mount Elgon National Park has something to offer. The park’s well-maintained trails and knowledgeable guides ensure a safe and enjoyable hiking experience, while the diverse ecosystems and stunning scenery make for a truly unforgettable adventure.

Bird Watching

For bird enthusiasts, Mount Elgon National Park is a must-visit destination. With over 300 species of birds, the park offers a fantastic opportunity to see a wide variety of avian life in their natural habitats. Some of the birds that can be spotted in the park include the African blue flycatcher, the eastern bronze-naped pigeon, and the African green broadbill.

Whether you’re a seasoned birdwatcher or just starting out, the park’s knowledgeable guides can help you identify the different bird species and provide interesting information about their behaviors and habitats.

With stunning landscapes and diverse ecosystems, bird watching at Mount Elgon National Park is an experience not to be missed.


For nature lovers looking to immerse themselves in the wilderness, camping at Mount Elgon National Park is a great option. The park has several well-maintained campsites that provide basic amenities such as toilets and water, and are located in scenic areas. Camping in the park offers a unique opportunity to experience the park’s diverse ecosystems and stunning landscapes, while also providing a chance to see wildlife up close.

With a variety of campsites to choose from, visitors can select a site that suits their preferences and interests. Whether you’re looking for a peaceful spot to relax and enjoy the scenery or a more adventurous location to explore the park’s hiking trails, camping at Mount Elgon National Park is a great way to experience the park’s natural beauty and biodiversity.

Rock Climbing

For adventure seekers looking for a unique challenge, rock climbing at Mount Elgon National Park is a must-try activity. The park offers several areas that are popular with rock climbers, including the cliffs at Sipi Falls. The climbing routes vary in difficulty, ranging from easy to challenging, and cater to both beginner and experienced climbers. Climbing at Mount Elgon National Park provides a fantastic opportunity to experience the park’s stunning scenery from a different perspective, and to challenge yourself physically and mentally.

If you’re a first-time climber or don’t have any gear, the park offers guided climbs and gear rental services. Experienced climbers can also bring their own equipment and climb independently. Whether you’re looking to climb for the first time or push your limits, Mount Elgon National Park offers an unforgettable climbing experience.

Cultural visits

For visitors interested in learning about the local culture and history, Mount Elgon National Park offers several cultural tourism opportunities in the nearby town of Mbale. Mbale is home to several cultural and historical attractions, such as traditional dance performances, coffee plantations, and ancient rock paintings. Guided tours of these attractions provide visitors with an opportunity to learn about the local traditions, customs, and history.

During the tours, visitors can engage with the locals and experience their way of life, which includes coffee picking and roasting. They can also witness traditional dance performances that depict the various aspects of the local culture. With the guidance of knowledgeable local guides, visitors can gain insight into the local customs, beliefs, and history while experiencing the vibrant culture of the region.